The socio-cultural practices in India are pre-dominantly biased against the females mostly due to the patriarchical structure of the society. Indian culture, tradition and family beliefs are mostly against female and girls are treated as liability leading to female foeticide (aborting female babies) resulting in skewed sex ratio and almost a million girl foetus have been killed. The Primary Reasons for abortions are Male dominating society, Financial (Property, Dowry, Marriage, culture) and various religious and spiritual myths. Girls are viewed as a burden, various beliefs and social factors have resulted in widespread discrimination against the girl child resulting in alarming decrease in child-sex ratio in the country of late, particularly so in some States, and this is where the roots of Female Foeticide in India lies. Demographically the ratio has increased from 927 females per 1000 males to 933 from census of 1991 to 2001; however this ratio is alarmingly decreasing among children in the age group of 0-6 and the as per the 2011 census there are 914 females for 1000 males. If it continues, it’s going to further deepen the gender imbalance in the society.
Sex selection and its affects
Sex Selection is the practice of determining the sex of the unborn foetus and eliminating it if found to be female. Sex Selection is commonly referred to as Female Foeticide. The root cause of Sex Selection is the low status of women and girls in a male-dominated society which discriminates against girls. The culture of son-preference has led to ultrasound technology being used for sex determination, often followed by elimination of the female. Some try to justify sex selection by saying that fewer girls in a society will eventually enhance the status of girls. On the contrary, with fewer girls as compared to boys, it could lead further restrictions on girls and women, increased violence against them, rape, abduction, trafficking and a resurgence of practices such as polyandry (more than one man marrying one woman). In some parts of the country, the media has even reported that women are being ‘bought’ as brides.
As per nature’s own balance, 940-950 girls are born per 1000 boys. By finding out the number of girls actually born per 1000 boys, we can calculate the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB). Similarly, by finding out the number of girls per 1000 boys in the 0-6 years age group, we get to know the Child Sex Ratio (CSR). SRB provides a more accurate indication of the extent to which sex selection occurs in a community. The 2001 census provides CSR data at the national, state and district levels. The Sample Registration System (SRS) provides data on SRB at the national and state levels. As per the 2001 census, the CSR of India was 927 girls to 1000 boys in the 0-6 years age group.
Saraswati Foundation salute & Reward of daughter’s parents.